Who Were Adam and Eve?

Some theologians believe our ancestors were
cavemen or primitive humans.

Summary: Two Christian apologists writing in Answers magazine have
tackled the questions of the nature of cavemen and the existence of
Adam and Eve. The authors, Answer in Genesis’s David Menton and
John Upchurch, recognize the ongoing debate among Christians
regarding the biblical account of creation and whether it can be
supported scientifically.

The people referred to as “cavemen” were all descended from Adam
through Noah’s family. They were also in need of God’s grace. Many of
the early humans simply found temporary shelter or buried their dead in
caves, as archaeology reveals. That does not make them primitives.  
On the contrary, they made musical instruments and tools, farmed, built
cities, and acted as stewards of God’s creation. Menton explains that
even today there are people who live in caves including some in
modern countries, and we don’t consider them as being less than

David Mason, publisher of
Answers, referred to the ongoing,
complicated debate over creation and evolution. He noted the
arguments by some Christian theologians that cavemen should be
placed on the evolutionary line between apish human ancestors and
modern humans. Some theologians are even questioning whether
Adam and Eve were real people and suggest primitive cavemen were
our actual ancestors.

John Collins, a scientist and professor at Covenant Theological
Seminary in St. Louis, while seeming to suggest that Adam and Eve
were real persons and our ancestors, noted some reasons for
questioning who they were. These reasons include the parallels
between Genesis and stories from other ancient Near Eastern cultures
as well as advances in biology. While he insisted that Christians
shouldn’t lose faith in the biblical account in Genesis, he added, "We
must trust that God created the kind of world that He did because an
evolutionary process involving selfishness, suffering, and death was
the only way to bring about such creaturely values as novelty,
complexity, and freedom."

Collins believes it is necessary to make the Scriptures more credible
with modern men. He would like more evangelical and Reformed
scholars to get involved in evolutionary theology, a field dominated by
Roman Catholic and Anglican thinkers.“ The task of Christian theology
in every generation is not simply to repeat or paraphrase the tradition
but to re-present it in fresh ways so that it can continue to speak

(Illustration from
The Bible Revival)

To read the entire article, click on

Comment: A big mystery is why when modern creation science was in
its infancy fewer theologians seemingly questioned the creation account,
but now that the weaknesses of evolutionary theory are being more and
more exposed by creation scientists (and sometimes by secular
scientists themselves), religious leaders appear to be increasingly
attracted to theistic evolution (the idea a person can believe in both
evolution and Christianity).

The article contains a misleading statement when it says that Answers
in Genesis “maintains that evolution and creationism are
not mutually
exclusive.” Dr. David DeWitt, a Christian who once accepted evolution,
writes on the
AiG website, “Theistic evolution is a significant threat to
the Christian church. It undermines the very foundation of the Christian
faith and causes people to doubt the truth of Scripture….Clearly, the
theory of molecules-to-man evolution is incompatible with the clear
teaching of the Word of God. Therefore, theistic evolution (and its
stablemate, “progressive creation”) is incompatible with the Christian
faith.” And
Ken Ham, founder of Answers in Genesis, is on a crusade to
oppose theologians who compromise the Bible in order to accommodate
evolutionist teachings.

John Collins is also wrong when he implies that Christianity needs to be
reinvented with each generation to keep it fresh and current. The
central Christian message is the same today as it has always been. The
Gospel which Jesus commands us to spread around the world
(Matthew 28:19) has always been — “
For God so loved the world that
he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not
perish but have eternal life
” (John 3:16).

For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one
man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision
of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one
man, Jesus Christ
(Romans 5:17)  The “one man” who brought sin into
the world was, of course, Adam, a real historical Adam, and the “one
man” who has overcome death and brought us righteousness and
salvation is Jesus Christ. If death ever becomes old-fashioned and
goes out of existence, then so will the need to preach the Gospel.
However, that won’t happen (for believers) until Jesus returns to lead
us to eternal life in heaven.  

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Is drinking vegetable or 100% fruit juice as nutritious as eating whole
vegetables or fruits?


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The name you want to appear with the comments.
Vegetable and fruit juice are definitely better than
sugary teas or soft drinks, but they are not as
nutritious as whole vegetables and fruits. Whole
vegetables and fruits contain more fiber, and
there are nutrients in the skins that don’t show
up in the juices..

Source: Dr. Richard S. Lang in
Cleveland Clinic
Men’s Health Advisor (
December, 2011)
The opinions expressed
here are those of The
Editor and do not
necessarily represent
the views of the Lutheran
Science Institute. Please
note that links in older
posts may be broken

About Me - Warren Krug
The Editor

Decades ago I attended a
so-called Lutheran
university where I could
have lost my faith. The
science professors promoted
the theory of evolution and
made fun of anybody who
believed in the account of
creation as presented in
the book of Genesis.
Thanks be to God, some
creationist literature and
the Bible soon helped get
me back on the right track.
Ever since then I have
taken an active interest in
the creation/evolution

Background image from NASA